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What to do about this window dove nest?

sam's-doveQuestion #1: This bird made a nest next to my kitchen window. What kind of bird is this?

Submitted by: Samantha, New York City, New York USA

Question #2: A pair of mourning doves have made their nest on the outside windowsill of my home office on the 6th floor of an apartment building. At least one and possibly two fledglings are in the nest and are already trying their wings. I don’t want to harm the birds, but I want to remove the nest as soon as possible because it has infused my office with a barnyard smell. I have read that these birds can raise multiple broods in a season. Is there a time window for me to remove the nest and install a block to prevent their return?

Submitted by: Ron, New York City, New York USA

(click on photos and graphics to expand)

The Short Answer: These two reports of mourning doves (Zenaida macroura) nesting on window sills in New York City came within a week or so of each other. In one case, Sam and her small children were thrilled to have a bird nest so easily visible outside their window. In the other case, Ron was a little less happy, because the birds were nested right below his air conditioner, which was pulling in bird nest smell. Still, he was willing to wait till the dove chicks were free of the nest to remove it.

More Information: Like most species of the family Columbidae, mourning doves lay two eggs. They are remarkably flexible about where they will build their nest, sometimes choosing a low bush, and other times nesting 80 meters (260 feet) up in a tree. They’ll also nest on buildings, window ledges and even on the ground.

mourning-dove-chicksParents share incubation of the eggs, which hatch in 14-15 days. They also share feeding of the chicks with regurgitated “crop milk,” a liquid made from partially digested seeds. As the days go on, parents increasingly mix in seeds. The chicks are ready to leave the nest in about two weeks and after their first flight, and once they fledge they may return to the nest for a day or two, and then begin roosting in trees at night. For another two to four weeks the male parent will feed them until they are independent. Meanwhile, the female may begin laying new eggs.

Pairs can raise as many as six clutches in a single year, so Ron’s concern about his doves renesting under his air conditioner is a valid one. The U.S. Migratory Bird Treaty Act makes it illegal to tamper or move the nest of a native bird while it has eggs or chicks, however. So Ron’s best bet for a humane and legal solution is to watch for the baby birds to leave and then wait a day or two and remove the nest, hopefully before the female begins laying a whole new clutch.

Pigeon and doves: As I mentioned above, the family Columbidae includes doves and pigeons. In fact, there is no difference between the two from a taxonomic standpoint. Some members of the Columbidae are called doves and others are called pigeons, but that’s more about traditional names than anything scientific. In fact, our familiar city “pigeon” is also called both a “rock dove” and a “rock pigeon” (Columba livia).

Sources:

Otis, David L., John H. Schulz, David Miller, R. E. Mirarchi and T. S. Baskett. 2008. Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura), The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; Retrieved from the Birds of North America Online: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/117.

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